Residential Treatment vs. Intensive Outpatient Treatment: The Pros and Cons
Residential (inpatient) programs offer the most comprehensive services for those who need treatment for drug or alcohol dependency, but intensive outpatient programs are available for those who cannot make the time or financial commitments required by the inpatient alternative. Each type of program has advantages and disadvantages, and all should be taken into consideration by sobriety seekers uncertain about which to choose.
Drug and alcohol rehabilitation centers offer both inpatient and intensive outpatient treatment options for those who are ready to stop drinking or using drugs.This versatility is important, since it makes treatment more accessible for a wider range of people.
While some clients have a clear preference for one or the other, the choice between inpatient or outpatient treatment is not always obvious. Both have their advantages and disadvantages, and the decision to choose one or the other requires close and careful consideration in many instances.
Inpatient Treatment Pros and Cons
- Comprehensive treatment programs can be developed and administered. Addiction is a complicated disorder that requires multilayered treatment and wellness services, which are easier to deliver when the client lives onsite.
- Help is available 24 hours a day. During addiction recovery crises can arise that need immediate attention from medical experts capable of responding appropriately, and this can only be guaranteed during residential treatment.
- Productive relationships are often formed. People involved in group therapy and other shared activities in residential treatment programs are united by a common purpose, and as their bonds deepen they can help each other stay strong and committed to recovery.
- Protection from stressful situations and temptations. People in residential treatment have no access to drugs or alcohol, are protected from toxic relationships or home environments (if they exist), and are no longer in contact with the “friends” that enabled their drinking or drug use.
- No distractions. Men and women in recovery can focus completely on their therapy and other treatment services without any outside distractions intruding.
- More expensive. Inpatient programs are more expensive than outpatient alternatives, and insurance may only cover a part of the costs.
- Possible negative impact on home and work life. Individuals who enter inpatient rehab will be absent from their families and their jobs for periods ranging from 30-90 days, leaving them unable to handle urgent personal or professional responsibilities.
- Loneliness and lack of support from family and friends. Family visits are encouraged during inpatient rehab, as is family therapy, but that isn’t the same as having loved ones around all the time.
Intensive Outpatient Treatment Pros and Cons
- Flexibility. Therapy and other rehab services may be offered at night or on weekends, depending on the scheduling needs of the client.
- Easier to manage job and family responsibilities. People who choose outpatient rehab often do so because it allows them to keep working while continuing to meet their obligations as parents, spouses, or caretakers for elderly parents.
- Real-world practice. Men and women undergoing outpatient therapy can begin to apply what they’ve learned to the situations they face in real life, which allows them to chart their progress (or lack thereof).
- Affordability. Intensive outpatient programs may cost several thousand dollars less to complete than inpatient alternatives, and health insurance is more likely to cover outpatient services.
- More potential distractions. For people recovering from a substance use disorder, home and family life can be a help or a hindrance, depending on the levels of harmony or dysfunctionality currently prevailing.
- Proximity to temptation. Not only are drugs and alcohol freely available outside the treatment center, but the people who enabled or encouraged the past abuse are likely to be nearby as well.
- Less bonding with others in recovery. Men and women who come and go during rehab may not make the same mutually beneficial connections with their peers, which can mean a weaker support network at a time of great need.
- Limited support from counselors during a crisis. The course of recovery from addiction is uneven, and when sobriety is threatened by strong cravings or withdrawal symptoms, or exposure to triggers that can provoke substance use, expert help may not be available.
Why Residential Treatment Is Usually the Best Choice
Intensive outpatient treatment programs are ideal for those who have serious home or work responsibilities that require at least some level of constant attention, or that cannot be deferred or handled by other people. They can also be a good option for people who must rely on insurance to cover a significant percentage of the costs of treatment, as well as those who come from stable, loving homes with families who support their quest for permanent sobriety.
But for most men and women with substance use disorders, inpatient treatment programs are the superior choice. Residential facilities strive to create an atmosphere that is highly conducive to healing and personal growth, and patients who stay onsite for the duration of their treatment programs can reap the full benefits of constant exposure to such an environment. Temptations are removed and distractions are eliminated, and that makes it easier for a person with a substance use disorder to focus completely on their sobriety and good health—which in the long-run will benefit their loved ones as much as themselves.
Studies reveal that people who enroll in intensive outpatient programs are just as likely to stay sober over the long-term as those who choose inpatient programs. This shows that outpatient treatment is a good option for many people who need rehab services, even if the majority are better off in residential programs.
But one fact is indisputable: people who seek help at drug and alcohol treatment centers do much better than those who get no treatment at all, which highlights how important treatment in general is for men and women whose lives have been thrown into chaos by substance abuse.