In 2010, a group of 10 experts led by Professor T.F. Nelson of the University of Minnesota considered the issue of identifying the basic US Alcohol Control Policies and the depth and breadth of their efficacy. They identified a total of 47 national and state policies, many of them having to do with young and underage drinkers.
- Policies to reduce youth access to alcohol
- Policies to restrict alcohol advertising
- Policies to reduce sales to intoxicated patrons
Policies to Reduce Youth Access to Alcohol
These policies include the following:
- Social access to alcohol. Underage drinkers can obtain alcohol in a number of ways socially. Policies involved in preventing this form of access focus on beer keg registration, monitoring of beer consumption at public events, and the enforcement of social host liability.
- Commercial access to alcohol. These policies include underage drinking laws, compliance enforcement of bars and restaurants, server training of bar and restaurant staff, ID verification, banning of home delivery of alcohol products, age enforcement of seller as well as buyer, and placement of alcohol warning posters in establishments that dispense alcohol.
Policies to Restrict Alcohol Advertising
Alcohol advertising often encourages teenagers to consume alcohol. Policies have been enacted to restrict advertising, particularly in venues that might be directed at those who are underage. These policies fall into two broad categories:
- Alcohol advertising restrictions. Restrictive policies are in place widely to reduce or prohibit alcohol advertising in virtually any area where youths might reasonably be expected to be exposed, including buses, shopping carts, billboards, television, radio, the Internet, and newspapers.
- Alcohol sponsorship restrictions. Community events, such as festivals, races, athletic events, and so forth, are often sponsored by beer companies especially. This category of restrictive policies is aimed at reducing the exposure to teens.
Policies to Reduce Sales to the Already Intoxicated
These policies are aimed at seller education combined with appropriate administrative penalties, to prevent drinkers who are already intoxicated from continuing to drink and thus becoming more of a danger to themselves and the public. This category represents policies that reinforce the rules covered in “Commercial Access to Alcohol” above.
What the Study Found
The panel rated the efficacy of these policies and others. They found that policies relating to the pricing of alcoholic beverages were the most effective, in both restricting access in the underage and in the general population. Further, they also rated highly policies aimed at curbing binge drinking, particularly among younger drinkers.
Alcohol Rehab Is a Phone Call Away
Drinking continues to be a problem in America. Most state and local governments are doing their part to manage the issue, but they cannot do it alone. If your loved one has a problem with alcohol, please contact us at Alta Mira today.